main segment written by south Mumbai medical director, Dr. Aakriti Mehra
Skin care routines are highly talked about and are getting more and more complicated. Everyone seems to be an expert. However, with busy schedules and for people just introduced to the idea of skin care, this can get a little overwhelming.
Dr. Aakriti Mehra helps us simplify the night time routine, telling you the most basic and necessary steps to help you achieve your skin goals.
These include cleansing, toning, actives and moisturization.
The purpose of cleansing is to remove all the dirt, sebum, impurities, dead skin cells and skin products that you have applied.
I personally prefer the double cleanse method which involves using an oil-based cleanser followed by a water-based cleanser.
Oil based cleansers are the gentlest way to remove make-up. They work by breaking the bonds between make-up molecules without harming the skin. They work very well on dry and sensitive skin but can be used for oily skin as well. The method of application is by massaging the product into the skin which gives your routine a luxurious feel to start with.
The two most popular forms of these types of cleansers are cleansing balms and micellar water. Technically, micellar water, as the name suggests, is water based. However, the mechanism of action is that of an oil-based cleanser. While micellar water should be the preferred method of removal for heavy eye make-up, balms are wonderful for removing grime from the rest of the face. They can, however, be used interchangeably.
Water based cleansers are all the regular face washes that you get in the market. Choose the one best suited to your skin type. Individuals with oily skin should prefer cleansers with salicylic acid or glycolic acid. People with dry skin should choose gentler, more hydrating face washes, which could include ingredients like mineral oils of lanolin.
Traditionally, toning was all about basically two functions. Before double cleansing was really a thing, it was the step that was meant to help clear the grime after your face wash. It was also important to help tighten the skin and its. Now, with the different kinds of toners now available, they perform additional functions that make them even more important in your routine.
Some of these include:
There are various ingredients that help with all of these. Apart from this, toning also prepares the skin to accept the action of serums better. That brings us to the next step of using actives.
A serum is a potent, concentrated formulation of any active ingredient that can target specific skin concerns. This is a broad topic if we try to cover everything because there are innumerable kinds of serums.
The basic thing you need to be clear about is that if there is one skin goal that you are looking to achieve, it is your serum which will get you there.
The three most common indications targeted by serums are:
A naturally occurring compound, Bakuchiol has also recently created a lot of buzz by providing similar benefits as retinol without the fear of complications associated with the improper use of it. In fact, we can feel proud that bakuchiol was first extracted by an Indian scientist and is hence named after the Indian nomenclature of the plant, Bakuchi.
These powerful ingredients are preferably avoided during morning routines (except Vitamin C) as they can sensitize the skin to the sun.
This is an extremely important step because it restores the skin barrier and helps keep the skin hydrated and healthy whilst also sealing the active ingredients from the previous step, allowing them to perform their function all night long.
Moisturizers should only be chosen based on your skin type.
If your skin is oily, choose a gel or water-based moisturizer. If your skin is dry, pick up heavier creams containing glycerin, Vitamin E etc. For benefits of anti-aging, look for night creams that contain ceramides and peptides.
Related reading: The best facial for oily skin
I recommend a different final step for different skin goals
These are mainly used for concerns such as acne and pigmentation. Concentrated products are applied on the small areas of concern as a final tool to deal with your specific problem.
For acne this could involve using salicylic acid, retinols, tea tree extract or benzoyl peroxide. For pigmentation, the list could include azelaic acid, glycolic acid, niacinamide, licorice, hydroquinone etc. This step an also be performed prior to applying your moisturizer depending upon your skin type, the indication and the serum you have used.
These are applied as the final step to your skin care routine, mostly in case you have dry, sensitive skin, with the main aim being to plump, hydrate, soften and rejuvenate your skin.
When you wake up the next morning, your skin feels renewed and alive. Common ingredients present in these masks include Vitamin E, Cica, hyaluronic acid, minerals, bakuchiol or a natural antioxidant rich extract. These are used only once or twice a week as part of your routine.
Can be layered on to your moisturizer to provide the additional benefit of hydration. They also help with granting you a radiance and glow. In case you are using a facial oil, to partake the benefits, always make sure you layer it over your moisturizer and not the other way around.
On a side note, facial oils can also be combined with your foundation during make-up in the morning as well.
Don’t forget to use your undereye cream as part of your daily night care routine. Learn to balance your skin care so as not to combine or overlap too many strong ingredients at once. This usually does more harm than good. Talking to a good dermatologist about your skin care routine always helps. You can join the skin gym for a regular guided program in case you are in Mumbai. Feel free to share feedback.